Does Genesis 1:1 Summarize The Seven Days Of Genesis?

Name: Kevin
Question: Hello again. I have an important question concerning the first earth age. A lot of people say (Gen 1:1) is referring to the creation of the following verses up to (Gen 2:1) where it says thus heavens and earth created…I don’t know if I explained that well, basically they say (Gen 1:1) is saying God created the heaven and earth and then (Gen 1:2-31) is recapping that first creation.

What can be said about that? Thank you.

Answer: Thank you for the question Kevin.

What you have stated is actually the most common explanation of Genesis 1. We are going to take this subject a bit further, so you, and everyone else can understand what is commonly taught by mainstream Christianity, including Biblical Scholars.

The “P Account” And “J Account” Of Genesis

Most mainstream Christian churches teach Genesis 1 and 2 both document the same account of creation. While there are clear differences, many Pastors simply explain them away.

Many Bible Scholars state Genesis 1 and 2 each explain a different version of creation, with each version written by a separate author. They call it the P account (Genesis 1) and J account (Genesis 2) of Genesis.

Many, including myself, strongly reject such teachings. I believe the first five books (Torah) of the Bible were written by Moses with inspiration from God, and any other writings/knowledge that may have been passed down to him.

If the P account and J account (theory) of Genesis were true, it would make God’s Word a lie, and something I personally would not believe in.

In The Beginning

Turn your Bible with me to,

Genesis 1:1
1 “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”

To be clear, Genesis 1:1 does not summarize or recap Genesis 1:2-31.

Such a belief means God explained to us three times He created the heaven and earth;

  • Genesis 1:1
  • Genesis 1:2-31
  • Genesis 2:1

We may be a little dull at times, but not that dull.

In reality, Genesis 1:1 documents “the beginning” of creation, period. It does not include the events of Genesis 1:2-2:1.

Scripture does not explain how long ago Genesis 1:1 took place, science seems to think creation was billions of years ago. That is fine, it does not disagree with God’s Word.

The Earth “Became” Without Form

Genesis 1:2
2 “And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

Right off the bat, we know without a doubt we have our first mistranslation in the Bible. In Genesis 1:1 we are told God created the heaven and earth. If verse 2 simply provided details of that account, then it would mean God created the earth ‘without form and void and covered in darkness’.

That would contradict Isaiah 45:18, and we know there are no contradictions in His Word.

Isaiah 45:18
18 “For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.”

This word “vain” (Strong’s: H8414) is the same word as “without form” (Strong’s: H8414) from Genesis 1:2.

We are clearly being told by God, He did not create the earth without form, rather, He created the earth with form for the sole purpose of the earth to be inhabited.

Obviously then, the word “was” (Strong’s: H1961) in Genesis 1:2 should have been translated as “became”, otherwise, Genesis 1:2 and Isaiah 45:18 would contradict themselves and make God’s Word a lie.

We go in depth on this subject in our Bible study, The World That Was, The First Earth Age.

God Did Not Create A Ruin

Aside from the Biblical documentation, let use common sense for a moment.

Is it logical to believe God created the earth a ruin, only to form it habitable later?

I tell you what, I never saw a carpenter build a house “without form and void”, only to build it the right way after the fact. God certainly knew how to do it right the first time, it simply “became” without form due to The Fall Of Satan.

Genesis And Adam And Eve

Calling the details of Genesis 1-2 the same account causes even more confusion and contradictions.

It is Biblically impossible for the Sixth Day of Genesis to be discussing Adam and Eve. The Hebrew manuscripts simply do not allow it, nor does common sense.

Not only is it Biblically impossible, but it is also scientifically impossible for one single pure race of people to produce other races of people who then go on to create a new race of people. Adam and Eve did not create all of the various races we have in the world today, God did, on the Sixth Day of Genesis.

We went into great depths on this subject in our Bible study, Did We All Come From Adam And Eve?


These simple facts and supporting Bible studies make it clear, Genesis 1:1 records the creation of the heaven and earth which “became” “without form and void” due to The Fall Of Satan. Sometime after this event, our Heavenly Father established the Seven Days of Genesis, “the heavens and earth which are now”, (2 Peter 3:7).

Unfortunately, many combine the accounts of Genesis 1-2 as they simply do not understand what Scripture describes. So the easiest way for them to explain it, is to say they are the same account.

As Bible teachers, we can never become lazy with the Word of God. If that is our approach, we are better off not teaching at all. There is no shame in not understanding something, but there is much shame and sin in teaching something you do not understand which creates false doctrines, and misleads our brothers and sisters in Christ.

Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
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